Today I will discuss the Education System in Bangladesh. The education ministry of Bangladesh regulates the Education Ministry of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. All citizens of Bangladesh must be educated and every citizen has to be educated at least in primary and secondary education.
Through this post, we will discuss all types of education and education in Bangladesh. Hopefully, you can get complete knowledge about this. So let’s get started.
Education System in Bangladesh
Primary education in the education system of Bangladesh Primary education Secondary education Tertiary education Vocational and technical education exist. There is The main education system divided into three levels:
- Primary Education Level
- Secondary Education Level
- Higher Education level
Bangladesh’s government controls all levels of education. Also, there is a lot of Private educational institution. But Private education institution follows all rules same as the Bangladesh government. All the systems have two different language systems. The student can choose their education in Bangla or English.
Even a large number of students are attending the Bangla medium. But nowadays students are also enrolling in English too. Let’s discuss three education levels.
Primary Education in Bangladesh
Primary education is the first step of the Bangladesh education system. Even All citizen of Bangladesh has to receive primary education. Class 1 to Class 8 is the primary Level. At this primary level, there are two certificates. The first one is Primary School Certificate (PSC) and another one is the Junior School Certificate (JSC).
After completing classes 1 to 5 students get their PSC graduation and after completing classes 6 to 8 students get their JSC graduation.
The Directorate of Primary Education (DPE) is responsible for the two public examinations:
- Primary School Certificate (PSC) (5th grade)
- Junior School Certificate (JSC) (8th grade)
But Make sure that two DPE two public examinations for the General Education board. Here is also available alternative Primary education. PSC and JSC courses control Bangladesh’s general education board. According to the Bangladesh education system, the Bangladesh Madrasah board has two public examinations following.
- Ebtedayee (5th grade)
- Junior Dakhil Certificate (JDC) (8th grade)
Madrasah Board Ebtedayee and Junior Dakhil are primary-level education and They are equivalent to general board education. Ebtedayee is equivalent to PSC and Junior Dakhil Certificate (JDC) is equivalent to Junior School Certificate (JSC).
Secondary Education in Bangladesh
After completing primary education students appeared in secondary education. Bangladesh Education boards are responsible for Secondary education public examinations. The following are the secondary public examination.
- Secondary School Certificate (SSC) (10th grade)
- Higher Secondary School Certificate (HSC) (12th grade)
Bangladesh National Curriculum of Textbook Board (NCTB) is responsible to maintain the textbook for Primary and Secondary education. without Higher Secondary (HSC) all the textbooks developed by NCTB. After passing the JSC/JDC student appeared in Secondary Certificate (SSC) program. From class 9 to 10 in the SSC program and passing this SSC examination students have appeared in Higher Secondary Certificate (HSC) program. Students join the Tertiary education system after passing the secondary education.
Bangladesh General Education Board is responsible for secondary education. Also, Bangladesh Bangladesh Madrasah Education Have two public examination for secondary education in Education System Bangladesh. These are the following.
- Dakhil Certificate (Dakhil) (10th grade)
- Alim Certificate (Alim) (12th grade)
Dakhil certificate is equivalent to SSC and Alim is equivalent to HSC. Dakhil and Alim are alternate and equivalent to general board secondary education. after completing madrasah boards secondary education students can join tertiary education. All the secondary education examinations are held by the different education boards. The student has to join their reigns, education board.
Students of SSC and HSC have to select their education board by their region. Example: A student from the Dhaka division has to receive the examination from the Dhaka Education Board.
The following are the Nine General Education Board.
- Barisal Education Board for Barisal Division
- Chittagong Education Board for Chittagong Division
- Comilla Education Board for Comilla Division
- Dhaka Education Board for Dhaka Division
- Dinajpur Education Board for Rangpur Division
- Jessore Education Board for Khulna Division
- Mymensingh Education Board for Mymensingh Division
- Rajshahi Education Board for Rajshahi Division
- Sylhet Education Board for Sylhet Division
Also here is another Education board Madrasah education board. Which is intended only for Madrasah Education. The Madrasah board is effective for all Madrasahs of Bangladesh. Students of Dakhil and Alim are in Madrasah Board.
Higher Education in Bangladesh
Higher Educations are Under Graduation and Post Graduation. After completing the 12th Grade Secondary Education Students are eligible for Higher Education and Degree Programs. There are Four Years of Bachelor’s Degree Courses and One Year of Masters’s Degree Courses.
The higher degree can be taken from any UGC-approved university. There are 3 types of universities in Bangladesh for pursuing higher degrees which are as follows:
- Public University (53 University Available)
- Private University (109 University Available)
- National Unversity (Affiliated Colleges in Bangladesh)
Each university has different admission requirements and rules for higher degrees.